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Reading List for Mentally Impaired Offenders

 Crazy  by Pete Earley (2006 G. P. Putnam’s Sons)

The Insanity Offense  by E. Fuller Torrey  (2008 W.W. Norton and Company)

I have used these two books as texts for the course on Mentally Impaired Offenders.   These are inexpensive and vividly frame many of the issues covered in the course.

More reading on mental illness and mentally impaired offenders:

Achieving the Promise: Transforming Mental Health Care in America, Report of President’s Commission (2003).  (available on internet)

Clinical Guide to the Treatment of the Mentally Ill Homeless Person, by Paulette Marie Gillig

Community Corrections in America: New Directions and Sounder Investments for Persons with Mental Illness and Codisorders, by Arthur Lurigio

The Criminalization of Mental Illness  Crisis and Opportunity for the Justice System, by Risdon N. Slate and W. Wesley Johnson (2008)  Caroline Academic Press.

Handbook of Correctional Mental Health, Edited by Charles Scott, MD, and Joan Gerbasi, JD, MD. American Psychiatric Association (2005) 

The Homeless, by Louise Gerdes

Jailing Communities The Impact of Jail Expansion and Effective Public Safety Strategies,

April 2008, Justice Policy Institute (available online at

Keeping the Peace: Police Discretion and Mentally Ill Persons,  by Linda A. Teplin  (July 2000)  National Institute of Justice Journal. (Available online)

Mad in America: Bad Science, Bad Medicine, and the Enduring Mistreatment of the Mentally Ill, by Robert Whitaker

Mental Health Issues in the Criminal Justice System, Edited by Daniel W. Phillips, III Ph.D (2008), The Haworth Press.

 Mentally Ill Offenders in the Criminal Justice System:  An Analysis and Prescription,  The Sentencing Project 2002 (available online)

Mentally Impaired Offenders and the Criminal Justice System, by Sarah Wolfe, The Texas Bar Journal, March 2006 (available online)

The Numbers Count: Mental Disorders in America,  National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) (available online at 

Prison Madness: the Mental Health Crisis Behind Bars and What We Must Do About It, by Terry Allen Kupers

 Total Confinement: madness and reason in the maximum security prison by Lorna A. Rhodes (2004) University of California Press

Women in Prison, by Joan Esherick 

 Rules 11 & 26.5  of Arizona Rules of Criminal Procedure,

Arizona Revised Statute (ARS) Section  13-502 (insanity defense),

ARS Title 36 sections relating to court ordered mental health evaluations & treatment.

 More Reading:  

 Acting Out: Maladaptive Behavior in ConfinementBy Hans Toch and Kenneth Adams. American Psychological Association (2002).

Back to the Asylum:  The Future of Mental Health Law and Policy in the United States, by By John Q. LaFond, JohnQ. La Fond, Mary L. Durham, Oxford University Press US (1992)

 Beyond Reason: The Death Penalty and Offenders with Mental Retardation, by Human Rights Watch (2001)

Care of the Mentally Disordered Offender in the Community (Oxford Medical Publications)

by Alec Buchanan Oxford University Press; 1st edition (January 15, 2002)

Coordinating Community Services for Mentally Ill Offenders:  Maryland’s Community Criminal Justice  Treatment Program, by Catherine Conley, National Institute of Justice (April 1999)

Crazy in America:  The Hidden Tragedy of Our Criminalized Mentally Ill, by Mary Beth Pfeiffer (2007)  Carroll & Graf Publishers

Criminal behaviour: A psychosocial approach (7th ed.) by Bartol, C. R., & Bartol, A. M. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall (2005);

Diagnosis: Schizophrenia by Rachel Miller, Susan Mason (2002) Columbia University Press

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition,  Text Revision (American Psychiatric Association 2000)

The Discovery of the Asylum  Social Order and Disorder in the New Republic  by David J. Rothman  (1990)  Little, Brown & Company

Emerging Judicial Strategies for the Mentally Ill in the Criminal Caseload: Mental Health Courts in Fort Lauderdale, Seattle, San Bernardino and Anchorage,  by John S. Goldkamp and Cheryl Irons-Guynn, (April 2000) Crime and Justice Research Institute, Bureau of Justice Assistance, Office of Justice Programs, U.S.

 Games Criminals Play And How You Can Profit By Knowing

Them, Allen, B. & Bosta, D. (1981) Rae John Publishers

 Handbook of Forensic Mental Health with Victims and Offenders:  Assessment, Treatment and Research,   by  David W. Springer and Albert R. Roberts,  (2007) Springer Publishing Company;

Juvenile Offenders and Mental Illness:  I Know Why the Caged Bird Cries,  Ed. Lisa A. Rapp-Paglicci (2006) Book News, Inc.  (Available through Kline Library)

Improving Responses to People with Mental Illnesses  The Essential Elements of a Mental Health Court,  Michael Thompson, Dr. Fred Osher, Denise Tomasini-Joshi,  A Report prepared by the Council of State Governments Justice Center, Criminal Justice/Mental Health Consensus Project for the Bureau of Justice Assistance, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice  (2008) (available online at

Law and Mental Health:  a Case-Based Approach, by  Robert G. Meyer and Christopher M. Weaver, Guilford Press (2005)

Madness in the Streets:  How Psychiatry and the Law Abandoned the Mentally Ill, by Rael Jean Isaac and Virginia C. Armat  (1990) The Free Press  A Division of Macmillan, Inc. [Instructor has copy]

 Mentally Disordered Offenders: managing people nobody owns, by David Webb (1999) (Available AWC & NAU Yuma Library Online)

 Offenders with Developmental Disabilities, by William R. Lindsay,  John L. Taylor and  Peter Sturmey (2004) Wiley;

Out of the Shadows: Confronting America’s Mental Illness Crisis  by Dr. E. Fuller Torrey (1997) John Wiley & Sons

Policing Persons with Mental Illness: The Pennsylvania Experience, Jim Ruiz (2002) Pennsylvania State Data Center;

Prison Madness:  the mental health crisis behind bars and what we must do about it, by Terry Allen Kupers (1999) (Available at AWC-NAU Yuma Library)

Serving Mentally Ill Offenders: Challenges and Opportunities for Mental Health Professionals, by Gerald Landsberg, Marjorie Rock, and Lawrence K.W. Berg (2002) Springer Publishing Company;

Street Crazy:  America’s Mental Health Tragedy, by Stephen B. Seagar, (2000) Westcom Press

(about the homeless mentally ill)

Surviving Schizophrenia: A Manual for Families, Patients, and Providers  (5th Edition) by E. Fuller Torrey,  Harper Collins

Treating Adult and Juvenile Offenders With Special Needs, Edited by Jose Ashford, Bruce Sales and William Reid. American Psychological Association (2001).

“Why It is Essential to Teach About Mental Health Issues in Criminal Law (and a Primer on How to Do It)” by Richard E. Redding, Villanova University School of Law, Public Law and Legal Theory, (2004) Washington University Journal of Law & Policy;

 Case law:

 Clark v. Arizona548 U.S. 735 (2006 Arizona’s Guilty Except Insane

 Sell v. United States539 U.S. 166 (2003) Forced medication for trial competence purposes may be permissible only under certain circumstances

 Atkins v. Virginia, 536 U.S. 304 (2002) The Eighth Amendment prohibits execution of the mentally  retarded.

 Pennsylvania Department of Corrections v. Yeskey, (US Supreme Court) (1998)  The Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 applies to state prisoners.

Foucha v. Louisiana 504 U.S. 71 (1992) [T]he Eighth Amendment prohibits a State from carrying out a sentence of death upon a prisoner who is insane.”

 Ford v. Wainwright477 U. S. 399 (1986) [T]he Eighth Amendment prohibits a State from carrying out a sentence of death upon a prisoner who is insane.”

 Addington v. Texas,  441 U.S. 418 (1979)

Bowring v. Godwin, 4th Circuit (1977) psychiatric needs are included in serious medical needs.

 Estelle v. Gamble (1976):  Withholding of medical care for prisoners and 8th Amendment Cruel and Unusual Punishment – authorities cannot incarcerate persons with “deliberate indifference” to prisoners serious medical needs,

O’Connor v. Donaldson,  422 U.S. 563 (1975)

Jackson v. Indiana,  406 U.S. 715 (1972)  due process is violated by involuntarily committing a defendant solely because he is incompetent when there is no reasonable probability that he will ever become competent.

Lake v. Cameron (1966):  least restrictive alternative for treatment

 First hand accounts of mental illness (Fiction and Non-fiction)

(Many of these are available through the NAU Library, and/or Barnes & Noble) 

 Anthology of a Crazy Lady:  A Creative Cure Through Writing & Art, by Susan L. Heisler (2000)

 Autobiography of a Schizophrenic Girl  The True Story of “Renee”,  with an analytic  interpretation by Marguerite Sechehuye, translated by Grace Rubin-Rabson (1951) (1968 Merideth Books) [available at Barnes & Noble]

 The Beast  A Reckoning With Depression  by Tracy Thompson (1995) G.P. Putnam’s Sons [Instructor has copy]

A Beautiful Mind by Sylvia Nasar (1998)

 The Bell Jar by Sylvia Plath (1963) [Instructor has copy]

Brilliant Madness: Living with Manic Depressive Illness by Patty Duke and Gloria Hochman (1992)

 A Clockwork Orange by Anthony Burgess (1962)

The Center Cannot Hold: My Journey Through Madness by Elyn R. Saks (2007)

The Day the Voices Stopped:  A Memoir of Madness and Hope, by Ken Steele, Claire Berman, Stephen M. Goldfinger (2001) Basic Books

Detour My Bipolar Road Trip in 4-D by Lizzie Simon (2002) Atria Books [Instructor has copy]

ElectroBoy, A Memoir of Mania, by Andy Behrman  (2003) Random House

Girl, interrupted by Susanna Kaysen (2000) Thorndike Press [available at Barnes & Noble]

I am not sick I don’t need help by Xavier Amador (2007)  Vida Press

Is There No Place On Earth For Me? By Susan Sheehan (1982) (Pulitzer Prize winning biography of a schizophrenic woman)

Me, Myself, and Them: A Firsthand Account of One Young Person’s Experience with Schizophrenia (Adolescent Mental Health Initiative) by Kurt Snyder, Raquel E. Gur, Linda Wasmer Andrews (2007) Oxford University Press

My Confession by Leo Tolstoy

 One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest by Ken Kesey (1962);

Out of Her Mind Women Writing on Madness edited by Rebecca Shannonhouse, The Modern Library, New York (2000)

Prozac Nation  A Memoir, by Elizabeth Wurtzel (1994) Riverhead Books, NY [available at Barnes & Noble]

 The Quiet Room  A Journey Out of the Torment of Madness,  Lori Schiller and Amanda Bennett (1994) Warner Books

Recovered, Not Cured:  A Journey Through Schizophrenia, by Richard McClean (2003)

 Snake Pit, by Mary Jane Ward (1946)

Stranger On The Planet  The Small Book of Laurie  by Claire Burch (1997) Regent Press [Instructor has copy]

“A Streetcar Named Desire” by Tennessee Williams (1947) (play)

“Suddenly, Last Summer” by  Tennessee Williams (1958) (play)

Sugar and Salt:  My Life With Bipolar Disorder, by Jane Thompson (2006) Authorhouse

 Sybil by Flora Rheta Schreiber (1973)

The Three Faces of Eve by Dr. Hervey M. Cleckley & Dr. Corbett H. Thigpen (1957)

‘The System of Doctor Tarr and Professor Fether” by Edgar Allan Poe (1844) (short story)

“The Unicorn in the Garden” short story by James Thurber (1939)



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