Restorative Justice World

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Restorative Justice Syllabus Spring 2010

Revised Feb. 25, 2010

RESTORATIVE JUSTICE

CJ 480 Seq. Number

Tuesday 7:15-9:45 pm, 3 credit hours

College of Social & Behavioral Sciences, Dept of Criminal Justice

NAU Spring Semester 2010

Mary E. White, J.D.

Yuma County Attorney’s Office

250 W. 2nd St., Suite G

Yuma, AZ 85364

Office hours by appointment

817-4335 (weekdays)

257-9824 (cell)

maryewhite1@gmail.com

www.rjworld.org

Course Description : Introduction to the principles & practices of Restorative Justice.

Student Learning Expectations/Outcomes for this Course :

(1) Students should be able to describe principles and purposes of restorative justice. They should understand the ways in which restorative justice takes into consideration the needs of victims, offenders and the community.

(2) They should understand where restorative justice may be implemented within the existing structures of our traditional criminal justice system, both juvenile and adult. They should also see possibilities for change of these traditional criminal justice structures to better reflect restorative values.

(3) They should have an overview of the social and criminal justice problems which restorative justice seeks to address.

4) They should have basic knowledge of several restorative applications:

a. Restorative Conferencing between Victims and Offenders, also known as Victim Offender Reconciliation or Victim Offender Mediation

b. Community Justice Boards as originated by the Pima County Attorney’s Office and developed in Yuma County by the Yuma County Attorney in partnership with Juvenile Court.

c. Problem solving/therapeutic courts such as Drug Courts.

d. Re-Entry programs for prison & jail sentenced inmates

e. Discharge Planning for jail inmates

(5) They should have an overview of the variety of restorative justice practices in Arizona, the U.S. as well as internationally.

Course structure/approach: Lecture, class discussion & role play exercises, guest speakers, readings and research reports.

See attached reading list for required and recommended reading.

Assessment of Student Learning Outcomes

· Methods of Assessment

Written assignments based upon class discussions & assigned readings

Research Report

Classroom exercises

Final Exam

Timeline for Assessment:

Deadline to choose research topic: February 9, 2010

1st draft research report due: March 23

Final Research report due: April 20

Final Exam: May 4

Grading System

Points are awarded for accuracy of knowledge, identification of sources & ability to apply concepts of

restorative justice to criminal justice issues

Grammar & spelling will also be considered in grading.

Students must show by quote marks and citation whenever a source is quoted.

Grading will be 90-100% A

80-89 % B

70-79% C

60-69% D

GRADE WILL BE BASED UPON THE FOLLOWING:

Written assignments: 1/2 of grade

Research report 1/2 of grade

Final Exam Extra credit

Extra credit activities and reports

Students who have earned an A or B on total written assignments and Research Paper will not have to take the final exam.

Students must have completed a Research Report and at least 50% of written assignments in order to be eligible for Extra Credit points.

Extra Credit projects:

(1) Additional research reports, projects & oral presentations

(2) Volunteer hours on Restorative Justice related projects such as Community Justice Boards

(3) Extra Credit activities on Professor’s “Extra Credit” list (posted on VISTA)

All projects, reports, presentations must be approved in advance by Professor.

Course policy

· Retests/makeup tests

Final Exam may be made up if missed due to illness or personal emergency. The make-up exam will not be the same as the exam given in class.

· Attendance. If class is missed, student is responsible for making up the reading and/or assignments missed.

· Statement on plagiarism and cheating. Plagiarism and/or cheating will result in a failing grade.

University policies: See attached Safe Working and Learning Environment, Students with Disabilities, Institutional Review Board, and Academic Integrity policies.

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:

1. Acquire a basic knowledge of restorative justice principles and practices.

2. Identify critical issues in criminal justice and explore restorative solutions.

3. Develop restorative problem solving abilities in the context of local criminal justice issues and programs.

METHODS:

Use of real world situations & problems in Yuma County.

Focus on Yuma County in context of national & global issues

Research projects

Observation of local criminal justice programs and processes

Role Playing

Classroom problem solving exercises

Written assignments from readings

Final Exam

COURSE OVERVIEW:

Define Restorative Justice

Contrast Restorative and Retributive Justice

Victims:

Experiences & needs

Legal rights

Effects of retributive justice

Offenders:

Experiences

Needs

Legal rights

Effects of retributive justice

How victims and offenders benefit from restorative justice

How restorative justice involves and benefits the community.

Students will learn basic concepts of the current criminal justice system. Emphasis will be upon “real life” and criminal justice in Yuma County.

===================================================================

OFFENDERS:

PRISONS AND JAILS

EFFECTS OF CRIMINAL RECORD

JUVENILES

COMMUNITY JUSTICE BOARDS

PROBATION

PROBLEM SOLVING COURTS

MENTALLY IMPAIRED OFFENDERS

VICTIMS:

VICTIMS’ RIGHTS

VICTIMS’ NEEDS

TERMINOLOGY: “VICTIM” OR “PERSON WHO WAS HARMED/INJURED”

VICTIM OFFENDER CONFERENCING

COMMUNITY:

COMMUNITY JUSTICE BOARDS

PROBATION

PROBLEM SOLVING COURTS

PRISONER RE-ENTRY

__________________________________________________________________

REVIEW FOR EXAM/CLOSING CIRCLE

FINAL EXAM

SYLLABUS

1st Class Jan. 12

GOALS & THEORIES OF TRADITIONAL CRIMINAL JUSTICE

A. Crime as an offense against the “State”

State dictates the result

Limited defendant participation

Little or no input from victim

One size fits all – lack of attention to individual needs

and circumstances of offenders and victims

a. Mandatory sentences

b. Limitations on restitution

c. Cookie-cutter justice – incarceration/probation

No dialogue between victim and offender

B. Utilitarian Justice

1. Deterrence of that individual

2. Deterrence of general public

3.Incapacitation of the offender

4.Rehabilitation–

“Fixing” the individual defendant

WHAT IS RESTORATIVE JUSTICE?

A. Restorative Justice is an approach to crime and justice which seeks to heal and restore rather than punish and degrade.   Communities, victims and offenders are brought together to discover what caused the offenses, find ways to repair the harm and transform offenders.  Transformation of those who commit crimes is accomplished through positive means such as dialogue with victims and the community.   The person who committed the crime learns how the offense harmed another human being and the community.  Offenders are encouraged to see themselves as people with talents and potential rather than evil or worthless.   “Criminals” gain life skills to enable them to rejoin their communities as productive citizens.

Restorative Justice seeks to help victims, offenders, neighborhoods and communities.

Restorative Justice is a positive approach to crime prevention.   Offenders who finish school, receive mental health treatment, gain job skills, reconcile with their families, build positive peer relationships, quit gang involvement,  recover from drug or alcohol addiction and live in healthy neighborhoods are far less likely to ever commit future crimes.

Restorative Justice is expressed in various forms.  Here are some examples:

* Victim-Offender Conferencing:

* Community Justice Boards or similar programs in which volunteers meet with offenders and their families to offer assistance and to help the offender to learn accountability in a positive manner.

* Problem solving or therapeutic courts:

B. Balanced – Community/Offender/Victim

C. Participatory –all persons affected have a voice

CONTRAST TRADITIONAL CRIMINAL JUSTICE & RESTORATIVE

JUSTICE

A. Retributive Justice asks:

What law was broken? What crime was committed?

Who “done” it?

What should the punishment be?

B. Key participants in retributive justice: Judge, Prosecutor, defense attorney,

defendant and, rarely, jury.

C. Restorative Justice asks:

What harm was done? Who was hurt and how?

How can the harm be repaired? Who is responsible for this

repair?

How can this be prevented from happening again?

D. Key participants in restorative justice: offender, victim, community

E. Restorative Justice

1. Healing/restoration/repair of harm

a. Victim

b. Offender

c. Community

2. Includes emphasis on emotional & psychological &

social restoration rather than only financial restitution.

Forgiveness is recognized.

3. Concern for the individual (both victim & offender)

4. Building competency/transformation of offender

5. Reintegration of offender and victim into relationships

6. Involvement of community

SHARED GOALS OF TRADITIONAL & RESTORATIVE JUSTICE:

A. Protection of the Public/Public Safety

1. Retributive and/or Utilitarian Justice’ Approach to achieve

public safety

a. Lock up/restrain the individual offender

b. Punishment as deterrent

c. Address problems of offenders

1) “Rehabilitation”

2) Juvenile Court

2. Restorative Justice Approach to achieve public safety

a. Teach accountability to offender

b. Build offender competency

c. Repair Harm to Community

d. Accomplished through personal interactions of

offenders with victims and community

B. Repair harm to victim

1. “Traditional” criminal justice system

a. Often requires financial restitution

b. Victims’ Rights Movement

2. Restorative Justice

a. Though it may include restitution, is

more concerned with making the victim, offender

and community whole by restoring

relationships and healing emotional harm.

b. Victim participation

c. Community participation

2nd Class Jan. 19:

JUSTICE VS LAW IN THE UNITED STATES

Definitions & philosophy:

1. “Justice”

2. “Law”

3. “Criminal justice”

4. Purpose of a court system:

to maintain peace within a society by resolving conflicts

RESULTS OF TRADITIONAL CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN UNITED STATES

A. Imbalance between rights of defendants and rights of victims

B. Impersonal system where neither defendants nor victims feel

Included

C. Numbers incarcerated

1 in 100 adults in USA now in jail or prison

U.S. now has more people in prison than any other country in the world.

1 in 30 men between the age of 20 and 34 are behind bars

1 in 54 of all men ages 18 or older

1 in 9 black males

Arizona had the highest growth in prisoners of all the western states

D. Effects of incarceration

1. Prisons

a. Physical & emotional trauma

b. Mentally impaired prisoners

1) Untreated mental illness gets worse in prison.

2) Prison conditions can trigger or cause mental

illness such as PTSD.

c. Prison gangs

d. Schools for crime

e. Schools for racism

f. Drug abuse in prisons

g. Breeding grounds for contagious diseases (HIV, TB,

Hepatitis)

2. Jails

E. Probation:

1. Lower recidivism rates than prison.

2. Probation is less expensive than prison

3. Traditional probation has two (2) purposes:

a. Protect the public

b. Help the probationer become a law abiding person

F. Numbers with criminal records

1. Effects of having a criminal record

a) Employment

b) Housing

c) Loss of right to vote

d) Loss of right to possess firearms or

other weapons

e) Cannot serve on jury

f) Other consequences of DUI, sex offenses & other crimes:

1). Sex Offender Registration

2). Loss of driver’s license

3) Mandatory fines

4) Effect on availability of auto

insurance

G. Expense of maintaining traditional U.S. criminal justice system

In 2005, the average per prisoner operating cost per year

was $23,876.00

In 2005, the approximate per capita expense per bed in a

typical medium ecurity facility was $65,000.

Older prisoners cost more at an average of $70,000 per year

– 2-3 times that of a younger person.

The state spending the most money in 2007 on a corrections

system was California, totaling 8.8 billion dollars.

Texas ranks 2nd at 3.3 billion dollars.

“Corrections” had the 2nd highest growth rate of state funds

spent in FY 2006- only transportation grew faster.

Corrections grew more than education and Medicaid.

In the western states, the # of dollars allocated to prisons

rose 205% while higher education spending rose just 28%.

H. Recidivism:

The highest recidivism rates are for person who have done

prison time.

Prisons release people back into society who are more likely to

commit crimes than when they went to prison.

1. Prisoners make criminal connections while incarcerated

and often are forced into prison gangs which control

them on the outside.

2. They learn more crimes while in prison (burglary, auto

theft, meth cooking, etc.)

3. They leave prison handicapped by lack of job skills and a

criminal record which makes it hard to find law abiding

employment and even decent housing.

4. Prisons release persons back into the community who have

been psychologically and physically traumatized, learned

new ways to commit crimes, caught highly contagious

diseases such as TB and HIV, and, in most cases, received

little or no job training, education, drug/alcohol treatment

or mental health treatment.

These people find it difficult to function in a family or

relationship, find or hold a job, or function with a normal,

stable life.

RESTORATIVE JUSTICE APPLICATIONS

A. Separation of Powers – U.S. Constitution

1. LegislativeMakes the laws (Congress, state legislature, ballot propositions)

2. Executive –carries out (executes) laws (Governors, governing boards, prosecutors, police, prisons,

military)

a. President, Governors, governing boards

b. Military

c. Police

1) Police Discretion

1) To Cite or not to cite

2) Arrest or release

2) Crime Prevention

a) Community Policing

b) School Resource Officers

c) Community Education

d. Prosecutors

1) Prosecutorial Discretion

1) Charging & Plea Decisions

2) Obligation to do justice

i. Duty to protect public

ii. Duty not to prosecute innocent persons

iii. Fairness in conducting cases

iv. Objectivity/impartiality

3) Crime Prevention

i. Community Prosecution

ii.Community Education

e. Prison Administration

1) Parole decisions

2) Prison administration

3. Judicial interprets laws, imposes sentence in criminal cases &

establishes procedures (rules) for courts &

executive (Judges, probation officers)

a. Judicial Discretion

1). Conditions of Release

2) Sentencing

b Jury verdicts

c. Probation Officers

1) Discretion – Juvenile Diversion, Adult Probation

referrals to Drug Court, deciding whether to file

Petition to Revoke Probation

d. In many “civil law” countries, judges play more active role in

gathering and determining facts

B. Post Conviction

1. Usually more serious offenses

2. Sentencing

a. Victim/Offender Mediation

b. Sentencing Circles

3. Reparative Probation

4. Problem solving/therapeutic courts

5. Victim-Offender Conferencing/Mediation

6. Corrections

a. During incarceration

1) Victim/Offender Mediation

2) Preparation for Re-Entry

b. Post release

C. Pre-Conviction

1. Alternatives to Prosecution

a. Diversion

1) Police

2) Juvenile Court

3) Prosecutor

b. Juvenile Diversion Programs

c. Community Justice Boards

d. Victim/Offender Mediation

2. Deferred Prosecution

a. Prosecutor’s deferral programs

b. Therapeutic/ Problem Solving Courts

3. Post-Charging Victim/Offender Mediation

VICTIMS’ NEEDS.

1. Victims’ Rights in Arizona

2. Amberly’s Place in Yuma

3. Needs of victims:

Emotional

Medical

Financial

4. All Restorative Justice processes should respect the interests of the

victim.

5. Victim/Offender Conferencing/Mediation

a. Fundamental principles

1) Goals: Emotional healing of victim, offender accountability,

more than dispute resolution

2) Victim’s participation is voluntary

3) Advance preparation of victim

4) Allows victims to speak

5) Victim support persons

b. Videos & role playing

6. Child victims

7. Legal Entity victims

8. “Victimless” crimes:

a) Parents & other family members

b) Community

OFFENDER’S NEEDS & PROBLEMS

1. Building competency in offenders

a. Resiliency

b. Behaviors that promote one’s individual well-being

c. Lessons learned from work with addiction

1) 12 Steps

2) Importance of spirituality

3) Taking care of one’s health & physical well-being

4) Education

5) Employment

6) Family

d. Therapeutic defense attorney

2. Consensual participation by offenders

a. Opportunity to speak/communicate with victim & community

b. Ageement as to consequences

c. Accept responsibility & be held accountable

d. Reintegration into community

PREPARE FOR ROLE PLAY NEXT CLASS

This will be a facilitated conference between a victim and offender.

Description of Yuma County’s pilot program of Restorative Conferencing for adult

offenders.

The scenario is provided and discussed during this class session.

Each student must choose a role to play in next week.

Facilitators will be graduate students who are volunteering in Yuma County’s

Restorative Conferencing program for adult offenders.

3RD Class January 26

ROLE PLAY RESTORATIVE JUSTICE CONFERENCING

A. Facilitators first contact with and assessment of offender.

B. Facilitators contact with victim

C. Facilitators prepare victim and offender, and their supporters for the conference.

4th Class February 2:

ROLE PLAY

RESTORATIVE JUSTICE CONFERENCE BETWEEN VICTIM

AND OFFENDER.

5th Class February 9:

LIBRARY SESSION.

Class session at NAU-Yuma/AWC library on campus.

Librarian Renee Westphal explains research techniques and library resources.

Students must have chosen their research topics by today. They will have opportunity

to begin research in class today with assistance of librarian.

6th Class February 16:

ECONOMICS OF RESTORATIVE JUSTICE

1. Cost of maintaining a restorative justice program

2. Cost comparison of operating traditional and restorative justice

programs

3. Long term savings resulting from restorative justice in having more persons becoming productive, law abiding citizens.

RESULTS OF RESTORATIVE JUSTICE

A. Reduced Recidivism

B. Victim healing

C. Building offender competency

D. Restoring the community

1. Empowerment of community through

knowledge & participation (authority comes

from community instead of imposed from

outside/above)

2. Enhances ability of community to resolve

conflicts

3. Healing/repair of harm to community

4. Strengthens problem solving ability of

community

4. Strengthen social cohesion of community

COMMUNITY JUSTICE

1. Inclusion of community in traditional criminal justice

a. Closed criminal justice system vs. open

1) Notice to defendant & opportunity to defend

2) Public trials

b. Juries (trial & grand jury)

c. Elected Judges

2. Recent developments toward more community participation

a,. Victims’ Rights

b. Community Policing

c. Community Prosecution

d. Community partnerships – Weed & Seed

e. Teen Court

3.Inclusion of community in restorative justice practice

a. Sentencing Circles (Canadian model & others)

b. Conferencing & Community Restorative Boards

1) Community & Family Group Conferencing (New Zealand

model & others)

2) Restorative Justice Youth Conferencing in Colorado

3) Neighborhood Accountability Boards in Florida

4) Juvenile Corrections Board at Hanscom AFB in

Massachusetts

5) Community Justice Boards in Arizona

a) Basic principles

b) Community Justice Board Conference:

Role Playing Exercise

4. Indigenous & Customary Justice – Participation of the community

a. New Zealand

b. Australia

c. Canada

d. Africa

e. Philippines

f. Bangladesh

JUVENILE COURT

1) Theory

2) 1st Juv ct established in 1889 in Chicago

3) Movement spread throughout world

ROLE PLAY COMMUNITY JUSTICE BOARDS

Class Feb. 23

VICTIMS’ RIGHTS AND RESOURCES

Guest Speaker: Victim Advocate from Yuma County Attorney’s Victim Services Division

Class March 2

VICTIMS’ NEEDS

Crisis help

Appropriate law enforcement interviewing techniques

Appropriate medical examinations of sexual assault/child molestation victims

Meeting victims’ needs contributes to crime prevention:

a. Encourages reporting

b. Non-leading interviews gather more evidence

Guest Speaker: Amberly’s Place

Class March 9

OFFENDERS:

Impact of prison:

1. Initiation into gangs

2. Learn new criminal behaviors

3. Exposure to drugs

4. PTSD due to trauma such as rape & proximity to violence and constant threat of violence

5. Worsening of mental illness due to lack of treatment

Difficulties of re-entering society:

1. Effects of felony conviction

2. PTSD due to prison

3. Finding employment and housing

Causes of offending:

1. Drug addiction

2. Alcoholism

3. Childhood abuse/neglect

4. Peer/neighborhood influences

5. Mental illness

Guest Speaker: convicted felon /ex-convict

Class March 23:

ARIZONA PRISONS

Restorative programs in Arizona prisons

Prison conditions

Re-Entry Programs for Prisoners

a. Preparation for Release

b. Post-release programs

Guest Speaker:

Arizona Department of Corrections Officer

Class March 30

DEFENDANTS’ PERSPECTIVE OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE PROCESS

Defendants’ rights in United States criminal justice

1. Balancing the rights of individual defendant with need for

public safety

2. Overview of defendants’ rights in criminal cases

3. Reasons why defendants have rights in our system of justice

4. Adversary system (State vs. Individual)

Guest Speaker: Criminal Defense attorney

WHERE DOES U.S. LAW COME FROM?

1. Constitution

a. Revolution

b. Framers (Theory of natural rights/English common

law/freedoms/Individual rights)

c. Legislative Ratification

d. England does not have a constitution. Statutes are passed by Parliament with courts having no authority to overturn them.

Criminal law is common law rather than statutory.

2. Criminal statutes (federal & state)

a. Contrast with English common law of crimes.

b. Crimes in “civil law” countries defined by statutes/codes

3. Ballot propositions (Arizona)

4. Local ordinances

5. Courts (federal & state)

a. Case law

b. Court rules (evidence & procedure)

c. England has one national court system

d. Court decisions in “civil law” countries not legally binding

precedent

CRIMINAL VS. CIVIL

1. Criminal

a. State v. Individual

b. Incarceration

c. Fines

d. Restitution

2. Civil

a. Individual or Legal Entity vs. Individual/Legal Entity

b. Money damages

1) Compensatory damages

2) Punitive damages

3) Court orders

a. Equitable remedies – injunction, specific performance

b. Orders of Protection/injunction against harassment

c. Child support/spousal maintenance

d. Court ordered mental health treatment

3. Historically, civil & criminal were not always so clearly separated.

a. Medieval & Roman times:

1) Perpetrators paid compensation to victims of serious

crime

b. England & America

1) Victims could “prosecute”

2) Debtors’ prison

4. Criminal & Civil actions

a. May apply to the same conduct

b. May take place concurrently – ongoing at same time

5. Both Criminal & Civil:

a. Adversary

b. Reactive

.

Class April 6

CRIMINAL COURTS AS THERAPEUTIC/ PROBLEM SOLVING COURTS

a. Drug Courts

b. Domestic Violence Courts

c. Community Courts

d. Mental Health Courts

e. DUI (Driving Under Influence) Courts

f. Gambling Courts

g. Re-Entry Courts

h. Veterans’ Courts

YUMA COUNTY’S DRUG COURT

A. History of Drug Courts

B. How Yuma County’s Drug Court was started

C. Eligible defendants

D. Pre-Conviction and Post-Conviction Drug Court

E. The Drug Court Team

a. Judge

b. Prosecutor

c. Defense Attorney

d. Counsellors/Therapists

e. Probation Officers

F. Building life skills in defendants (employment,education, parenting, basic living skills such as time management, budgeting, setting boundaries, right choices)

G. Drug Testing

H. Supervision and surveillance

I. Restoring families

J. Restoring drug addicts to the community

K. Restitution for victims

L. Benefits to community through crime reduction and restoring people to healthy, productive lives

Class April 13

CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND SOCIAL PROBLEMS

A. Substance Abuse

1. “Prohibition”

2. “Drug” laws in U.S.

a.. Criminalization

b. Decriminalization & Legalization

B. Minors

1. Alcohol

2. Cigarettes

3. Juvenile Court

a. Juvenile status offenses

1) Truancy

2) Curfew

1) “Incorrigible”

4. School Discipline

5. Best interests of the child vs. protection of public

C. Family Problems

1.Domestic Violence laws

a. Crimes

b. Collateral penalties (loss of right to possess firearms)

c. Child abuse laws

D. Mental Illness – Mentally Impaired Offenders

1. Large numbers of mentally ill persons in criminal justice system

(The 3 largest psychiatric facilities in the US are big city jails)

2. Causes:

a.. Mental hospitals closed down –deinstitutionalization of mentally

ill.

b. Laws changed to make it difficult to “commit” a person for

involuntary treatment

c. Lack of community mental health services to replace the mental

hospitals

E. Criminal Justice as a reflection of social norms:

1. Ethics

a) What is the difference between right and wrong?

b) Is Criminal Justice concerned with ethics? Or

only with whether the law is obeyed?

2. Slavery

3. Alcohol/Drugs – Prohibition & cocaine in Coca-Cola

4. Sexual behavior

5. Animal cruelty laws

Class April 20 (Final Papers due)

Students may give 20 minute presentations on their paper topic for extra credit

Restorative Justice is multi-disciplinary:

Anthropology

Criminal Justice

Education

Ethics

History

Law

Philosophy

Political Science

Psychology

Religion

Social Work

Sociology

RESTORATIVE PRACTICES APPLIED OUTSIDE OF THE JUSTICE

SYSTEM

A. Schools

1. Peer Mediation

2. Conflict Resolution Circles

B. Parenting

C. Substance abuse treatment

D. Workplace

E. Neighborhood Mediation Centers

F. Family Group Conferencing/Decision making (Child Protective

Services type agencies)

G. Homeless Shelters

H. Police decision making which incorporates restorative

Principles

I. Mediation of cases in which prosecution was declined

Class April 27

REVIEW FOR EXAM

Restorative Activity: Closing Circle

Class May 4

FINAL EXAM

Required Reading List:

Crime and Punishment in American History

by Lawrence M. Friedman

BasicBooks, A Division of Harper Collins Publishing, Inc.

1993 (Selected Chapters on VISTA)

Documenting Results Research on Problem-Solving Justice

A Collection from the Center for Court Innovation

Ed. By Greg Berman, Michael Rempel and Robert V. Wolf

2007 (Selected Chapters on VISTA)

Doing Justice Better: The Politics of Restorative Justice

By David J. Cornwell

Illustrated by Mark S. Umbreit

Contributor Mark S. Umbreit

Published by Waterside Press, 2007 (Selected chapters on VISTA)

Drug Treatment Courts in the Twenty-First Century: The Evolution of the Revolution in Problem-Solving Courts”

by The Honorable Peggy Fulton Hora and Theordore Stalcup

Georgia Law Review
Spring 2008 Volume 42 Number 3 (Posted on VISTA)

Good Punishment? Christian Moral Practice and U.S. Imprisonment

by James Samuel Logan

(Chapters Posted on VISTA)

Restorative Justice Healing the Foundations of Our Everyday Lives, by Dennis Sullivan and Larry Tifft, 2005 Willow Tree Press, Inc., Monsey, New York (copy at Academic Library and 2 chapters on VISTA)

Restorative Justice How It Works by Marian Liebmann, 2007 Jessica Kingsley Publishers, London and Philadelphia (copy at Academic Library and 2 chapters on VISTA)

Restorative Justice in the United States, by Clifford K. Dorne, 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, New Jersey (copy at Academic Library and 2 chapters on VISTA).

Restoring Justice

by Daniel Van Ness and Karen Heetderks Strong

1997 (Selected chapters on VISTA)

“The Circle Process: A Path for Restorative Dialogue”, Jean Greenwood, Oct. 2005, Center for Restorative Justice & Peacemaking, University of Minnesota (copy available)

“Opportunities and Pitfalls Facing the Restorative Justice Movement,” Umbreit, M.S., Vos, B. and Coates, R.B., April 2005, Center for Restorative Justice & Peacemaking, University of Minnesota (copy available)

“Restorative Justice Dialogue: Evidence-Based Practice, Umbreit, M.S., Vos, B. and Coates, R.B., (January 1, 2006) Center for Restorative Justice & Peacemaking, University of Minnesota, School of Social Work, College of Human Ecology (copy available)

“Talking Circles”, Mark Umbreit, Aug. 13, 2003, Center for Restorative Justice & Peacemaking, University of Minnesota (copy available)

Recommended Reading List

Changing Lenses: A New Focus for Crime and Justice. H. Zehr, 1990, Herald Press, Scottdale, PA

Confronting Confinement, A Report of the Commission on Safety and Abuse in America’s Prisons, John J. Gibbons, Nicholas de B. Katzenbach, Commission Co-Chairs (June 2006) Available online at www.prisoncommission.org

“A Community Response to a 9/11 Hate Crime: Restorative Justice Through Dialogue,” Mark S. Umbreit, Ted Lewis and Heather Burns, 2003, Contemporary Justice Review, Vol. 6(4), pp. 383-391 (copy available)

Crime, Shame and Reintegration, J. Braithwaite (1989) Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK

Documenting Results, Research on Problem-Solving Justice, A Collection from the Center for Court Innovation, 2007, Center for Court Innovation (copy available)

Guide to Developing and Implementing Performance Measures for the Juvenile Justice System, APRI (American Prosecutors’ Research Institute), 2006 (copy available)

The Handbook of Victim Offender Mediation, Mark S. Umbreit, PhD., Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA

Handbook on Restorative Justice Programmes, Criminal Justice Handbook Series, 2006, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, United Nations, New York (copy available)

How Nations Make Peace, Kegley & Raymond 1999

“Humanistic Mediation: A Transformative Journey of Peacemaking”, Mark S. Umbreit, Spring 1997, Mediation Quarterly, Vol. 14, No. 3 (copy available)

Just Look What You’ve Done, Determining the Effectiveness of Community Prosecution, Feb. 2007, American Prosecutors’ Research Institute, National District Attorneys’ Association (copy available)

“Justifying Restorative Justice: A Theoretical Justification for the Use of Restorative Justice Practices,” Zvi D. Gabbay, Journal of Dispute Resolution, The Center for Dispute Resolution of the University of Missouri School of Law (2007) (copy available)

The Little Book of Restorative Justice by Howard Zehr 2002 Good Book Publishing Co.

Nickel and Dimed — On (Not) Getting By in America by Barbara Ehrenreich (2001) Owl Books Henry Holt and Company

Peacemaking Circles: From Crime to Community by Kay Pranis, Barry Stuart, and Mark Wedge, Living Justice Press

A Prosecutor’s Guide to the Juvenile Delinquency Guidelines, May 2006, American Prosecutors Research Institute (APRI), Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (copy available)

Public Safety, Public Spending: Forecasting America’s Prison Population 2007-2011, Public Safety Performance Project of The Pew Charitable Trusts

Restorative Justice International Perspectives, Burt Galaway and Joe Hudson, Criminal Justice Press, Monsey, NY

Restorative Justice: The Evidence, Lawrence W. Sherman & Heather Strang (2007) www.smith-institute.org.uk (copy available)

Restorative Juvenile Justice, ed. Gordon Bazemore and Lode Walgrave, Criminal Justice Press, Monsey, NY

See Poverty …. Be the Difference! by Donna M. Beegle, Ed.D. 2007 Published in USA by Communications Across Barriers, Inc., Tigard, Oregon

The Social Contract, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, 1762, Penguin Books

Symposium: Restorative Justice in Action, Marquette Law Review Winter 2005, Volume 89, No. 2, Marquette University Law School, Milwaukee, Wisconsin (copy available)

Teach Yourself Ethics, Mel Thompson, 2006, McGraw-Hill

Victim Meets Offender: The Impact of Restorative Justice and Mediation Mark S. Umbreit, Criminal Justice Press, Monsey, NY

MOVIES:

Take (2007) written & directed by Charles Oliver, starring Minnie Driver & Jeremy Renner

NOVELS:

Crime & Punishment, by Fyodor Dostoevsky

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